Interview as an approach of gathering information: strategy of questions

It is crucial to differentiate interviews as a method of collecting interviewing and information as being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself can be an eyewitness of this occasion,
  • working together with documents, in which the document means any material provider containing texts and pictures.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as an approach of data gathering in turn are divided into:

  • genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the characteristics of an individual, then to reflect them when you look at the text).

The reportage interview was discussed in the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative shall find out in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting as a genre, as being a real way of text formatting in the shape of concerns from a interviewer additionally the answers associated with the interlocutor. In the exact same time there is mypaperwriter review an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the amount of concerns associated with researcher is minimized (sometimes they are no after all), in the other pole — a discussion, as soon as the journalist not just asks questions, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.

The truth that the meeting is a discussion, shows about the same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Within the usual meeting, the interviewer responses just take 70-90% of this text. A discussion could be carried out by a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so that the viewpoint for this journalist has also been interesting to visitors, once the viewpoint regarding the interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Forms of interviews according to the subject. Topic meeting

Depending on the topic, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic meeting is their state of things in every field of task. Frequently this is certainly an interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he is related to this situation. As an example, a police officer informs how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor describes simple tips to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The financial advisor makes a forecast just how long the crisis will likely be in the trade. Neither the interlocutor's opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview subject, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling associated with interview that is subject of three parts. First, they show the interlocutor's reference to this issue. Then there's a parsing regarding the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject because of the streamlining of what was said, summarizing, practical guidelines to readers.

The hero associated with subject interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the event. That is information interview, among the news genres. The duty regarding the journalist is to learn whenever possible the information and information on exactly what occurred. Such as the situation of a professional, the interlocutor's communication aided by the subject is very first shown, then topic is deepened, plus the ending is devoted to general impressions of exactly what took place therefore the conclusions that the interlocutor made.